preliminary feasibility study of the removal of trihalomethane precursors by direct filtration

  • 67 Pages
  • 0.93 MB
  • English
Environmental Protection Agency, [Office of Research and Development, Office of Air, Land, and Water Use], Municipal Environmental Research Laboratory, Drinking Water Research Division , Cincinnati, Ohio
Water -- Purification -- Filtr
StatementJames K. Edzwald
ContributionsMunicipal Environmental Research Laboratory. Drinking Water Research Division
The Physical Object
Paginationv, 67 p. :
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL14889863M

United States Environmental Protection Agency Municipal Environmental Research Laboratory Cincinnati OH Research and Development EPA/ May SEPA Project Summary Removal of Trihalomethane Precursors by Direct Filtration and Conventional Treatment James K.

Edzwald Removal of trihalomethane (THM) precursors from drinking water was studied in direct filtration and conven- tional treatment. A preliminary feasibility study of the removal of trihalomethane precursors by direct filtration Author: James K Edzwald ; Municipal Environmental Research Laboratory.

For trihalomethane precursor control, effective processes are: (1) oxidation by ozone or chlorine dioxide; (2) clarification by coagulation, settling and filtration, precipitative softening, or direct filtration; or (3) adsorption by powdered activated carbon or granular activated carbon.

Removal of Trihalomethane Precursors by Nanofiltration in Low-SUVA Drinking Water Article (PDF Available) in Water 10(10) September with 63 Reads How we measure 'reads'.

The preliminary study of the relationship between the floc properties and DBPs precursors removal showed that the small flocs were not fa-vorable for DBPs precursors removal.

Among other findings, these models have suggested a negative impact of filter aids on chlorination by-product precursor removal at a direct filtration plant. Trihalomethanes (THMs) and haloacetic acids (HAAs) are by-products of the reactions between chlorine and. The technology of THM precursor and THM removal was extensively discussed.

• There is still no discussion on technology for THM precursor and THM removal. • Physicochemical and biological treatment can be used to remove the pollutants.

• Biodegradation would be a prospect and potential technique for removal. Of particular interest is the observation that nitrifying bacteria can cometabolize chloroform at a reasonable rate ( to liter/mg/day). The premise of this research is that THM removal should be possible within drinking water treatment plants by introducing a biological treatment step based on THM cometabolism by nitrifying bacteria.

Precursors are organic material which reacts with chlorine to form THM's. One way to decrease THM's is to eliminate or reduce chlorination before the filters and to reduce precursors. There are more precursors present before filtration, so we want to reduce.

Trihalomethanes: Health Information Summary Trihalomethanes (THMs) are a group of organic chemicals that often occur in drinking water as a result of chlorine treatment for disinfectant purposes and, therefore, are also known as "disinfection byproducts" or DBPs.

THMs are formed when chlorine reacts with naturally.

Description preliminary feasibility study of the removal of trihalomethane precursors by direct filtration PDF

The water samples used in this study were collected from the secondary effluent of Jinan sewage treatment plant. The water quality characteristics of these samples are shown in Table secondary effluent extracted from sewage treatment plants were divided into three groups and then were treated by the procedures described in our previous study: (I) filtering through a membrane filter.

Journal of Hazardous Materials () 20–29 Removal of small trihalomethane precursors from aqueous solution by nanofiltration Yi-Li Lina, Pen-Chi Chianga,∗,1, E.-E. Changb,2 a Graduate Institute of Environmental Engineering, National Taiwan University, 71 Chou-Shan Road, Taipei, Taiwan b Department of Biochemistry, Taipei Medical University, Wu-Hsing Street, TaipeiTaiwan.

One option for reducing trihalomethane concentrations in drinking water is to remove THM precursors before chlorine addition. Reported here are a literature survey and laboratory data investigating modified coagulation as a method for organics removal.

THM Removal To meet the requirements of THM concentration laid down by U.S. EPA, water authorities can formulate their own strategy. The alternatives are: (a) treatment to remove trihalomethanes after formation (b) treatment to remove trihalomethane precursor(s) (c) to use an alternate disinfectant.

This study showed that the trihalomethane (THM) concentration in finished water that had been treated at °F (2°C) was significantly lower than in water treated at °F (22°C). Water temperature did not appear to affect the removal of total organic carbon (TOC) during coagulation with metal ion salts, but color removal was slightly.

Trihalomethane, dihaloacetonitrile, and total N-nitrosamine precursor adsorption by carbon nanotubes: the importance of surface oxides and pore volume†. Erin M. Needham a, Shelby M. Sidney a, Justin R. Chimka b and Julian L.

Fairey * a a Department of Civil Engineering, University of. Precipitative softening/filtration; Direct filtration; Adsorption by powdered activated carbon (PAC). Lowering the pH to inhibit the reaction rate of chlorine with precursor materials.

Corrosion control may be necessary. Removal of THM. Aeration - by air stripping towers. Adsorption by: Granular Activated Carbon (GAC) Synthetic Resins.

the warmer season augment the risk of THM formation. • BF is a good alternative especially because THM precursor is preferably removed. • Drawback of BF is a change to anoxic conditions in well water (formation of Fe2+, Mn2+ and H 2S).

For trihalomethane precursor control, effective processes are: 1) oxidation by ozone or chlorine dioxide; 2) clarification by coagulation, settling and filtration, precipitative softening, or direct filtration; or 3) adsorption by powdered activated carbon or granular activated carbon.

THM precursor removal than TOC and DOC (Table 1). This indicates a preference for THM precursors reduction during BF. Table 1. Bank filtration removal capacity Lake water was monitored during one year in terms of total, dissolved and particulate organic carbon (TOC, DOC and POC respectively).

Each. Due to their dangerous health risks, such as cancer, the concentration of THMs in the water is regulated, and the guideline in Canada is of µg/L (Health Canada, ). However, THM levels in Manitoba, especially along the distribution system, are extremely high and exceed the limit. The results of this study demonstrated the importance of considering a parallel route for THM formation represented by the organic matter derived from herbal medicines in spa waters.

The removal of small trihalomethane precursors (THMPs) from aqueous solution by two commercial nanofiltration membranes (NF70 and NF) was investigated.

Resorcinol, phloroglucinol, and 3-hydroxybenzoic acid were selected as model compounds of small THMPs, while tannic acid was chosen as a medium molecular disinfection by-product (DBP. No direct evidence has been given for removal of specific organics of potential harm to health by microbial activity.

Only one study (at the Jefferson Parish Water Works, which was reported by Brodtmann et al., ), implied that precursors to THM formation were removed by microbial action. An indirect benefit of microbial activity may be the. High cyanobacteria-derived dissolved organic carbon (DOC) in source water can cause drinking water quality to deteriorate, producing bad taste, odor, toxins, and possibly elevated levels of disinfection byproduct (DBP) precursors.

Conventional water treatment processes do not effectively remove algal organic substances. In this study, rapid-sand-filtration effluent from a water treatment plant.

After sand filtration, to raise water pH, lime was added. The treated water after chlorination was transferred to a clear water tank. Possibly the increased residence time seems to implicate THM formation patterns which result in a weak direct relationship.

Characterization of precursors to trihalomethanes formation in Bangkok source water. Trihalomethanes (THMs) are chemical compounds in which three of the four hydrogen atoms of methane (CH 4) are replaced by halogen atoms.

Many trihalomethanes find uses in industry as solvents or are also environmental pollutants, and many are considered omethanes with all the same halogen atoms are called haloforms. Trihalomethanes (bromo form, bromodichloromethane, dibromochloromethane, chloroform) Trihalomethanes (THMs) are formed in drinking-water primarily as a result of chlorination of organic matter present naturally in raw water supplies.

The rate and degree of THM formation increase as a function of the chlorine and humic acid.

Details preliminary feasibility study of the removal of trihalomethane precursors by direct filtration FB2

study found strong correlations between fluorescence intensity values from peak-picking (i.e., excitation-emission pairs, IEx/Em) and removal of TTHM and DHAN precursors (Do et al., ).

There is, however, a strong basis for why fluorescence may be useful as a TONO precursor surrogate. A project was conducted to determine and improve the ability of the magnesium carbonate process to remove trihalomethane (THM) precursors in treated drinking water.

The project was conducted at a drinking water treatment plant in Melbourne, FL, which had been developed and installed in the early 's (before THM regulation) to reduce the sludge produced from water treatment. Removal of Haloacetic Acid and Trihalomethane Precursors by Direct Filtration With Post Ozone and Biologically Active GAC: Michael McGrath: MS EVE: A Feasibility Study of Carbon Adsorption for the Treatment of Disperse Dyeing Wastes: A Preliminary Study on the Removal of Cysts of the Amoeba Naegleria gruberi from Water by Flocculation.NEXT BOOK; VIEW ALL BOOKS ALL BOOKS; Natural Organic Matter Characterization and Treatability by Biological Activated Carbon Filtration Croton Reservoir Case Study.

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Collins, R. Negm, M. F. Farrar, G. P. Fulton Bromate Ion Removal by Electric-Arc Discharge and High-Energy Electron Beam Processes.Modified Coagulation for Improved Removal of Trihalomethane Precursors.

Kavanaugh, Michael C. American Water Works Association Journal, v70 n11 p Nov Reported are a literature survey and laboratory data which investigate modified coagulation as a method for organics removal in water and wastewater treatment.